kidney stone at early age
Kidney stone are one of the most common and painful urological disorders bothering human beings for centuries. But it is very shocking that nowadays Kidney stones becoming more frequent in young age. So, I consulted Mumbai based one of the best urology specialist Dr. Vikas Kumar regarding this, Let see what he says:
Kidney stones form when there is not enough liquid in the urine to dilute out waste chemicals, such as calcium, oxalate and phosphorous. These waste chemicals become concentrated, and crystals begin to form.
Most stones occur when calcium combines with one of two substances: oxalate or phosphorous. Stones can also form from uric acid, which forms as the body metabolizes protein.
Kidney stones can vary in size, with some as small as a grain of sand, and others as large as a pea or even a golf ball. Small stones may pass down the urinary tract and be excreted without causing symptoms. Larger stones may get stuck in the urinary tract and block the flow of urine, which can cause severe pain or bleeding.
According to Dr. Vikas, there is no exact correlation between the specific food intake that particularly promotes or inhibits stone formation, so restricting your diet is not the solution to the problem. 70% of stone formation is due to metabolic reasons, and unless the doctors identify a high amount of sodium or calcium in your urine there is no reason to shun any kind of food. He said, there is also a myth that seed containing vegetable promotes stone formation.
Dr. Vikas said, A combination of diet and lifestyle changes, as well as some medications, may help reduce risk of kidney stone.
Making small adjustments to your lifestyle may go a long way towards preventing kidney stones:
**Stay hydrated: Drinking more water is the best way to prevent kidney stones. If you don’t drink enough, your urine output will be low and your urine is more concentrated and less likely to dissolve urine salts that cause stones. Try to drink around eight glasses of fluids daily, or enough to pass two liters of urine.
Lemonade and orange juice are also good options. They both contain citrate, which may prevent stones from forming.
You can observe whether you’re hydrated by looking at the color of your urine — it should be clear or pale yellow. If it’s dark, you need to drink more.
**Eat calcium-rich foods: Getting too little calcium in your diet can cause oxalate levels to rise and cause kidney stones. To prevent this, make sure to take in an amount of calcium appropriate to your age.
The most common type of kidney stone is the calcium oxalate stone, leading many people to believe they should avoid eating calcium. The opposite is true. Low-calcium diets may increase your kidney stone risk and your risk of osteoporosis.
**Reduce sodium: A high-salt diet increases your risk of calcium kidney stones. Too much salt in the urine prevents calcium from being reabsorbed from the urine to the blood. This causes high urine calcium, which may lead to kidney stones.
Eating less salt helps keep urine calcium levels lower. The lower the urine calcium, the lower the risk of developing kidney stones.
**Limit animal protein: Eating too much animal protein, such as red meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood, boosts the level of uric acid and could lead to kidney stones. A high-protein diet also reduces levels of citrate, the chemical in urine that helps prevent stones from forming.
**Exercise daily: With regular exercise, you could help manage many of the health issues seen with kidney disease. Some of the biggest benefits of regular exercise are: more energy; feel stronger; more stable joints; less risk of falling; heart and lungs are stronger and work better; better blood sugars, blood pressure, and cholesterol level …
**Limit the amount of sugar, soda or soft drinks: Sugar is a culprit in the formation of kidney stones. If you want to give your body a healthier lifestyle, and avoid kidney stones, try cutting down on the sugar you consume.
“Take care of your body. It’s the only place you have to live in …It is health that is real wealth.”
Special thanks to Dr. Vikas Kumar for sparing his precious time out of his immense busy schedule.
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